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    The Australian Dollar

    Since 14 February 1966 the Australian dollar (currency code AUD) has been the currency of the Commonwealth of Australia. Including Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Norfolk Island, the independent Pacific Island states of Kiribati, Nauru and Tuvalu. It is normally abbreviated with the dollar sign $. Alternatively A$ or $A, $AU or AU$ is used to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. It is sometimes affectionately called the "Aussie battler"; during a low period (relative to the U.S. dollar) around 2001 and 2002 the currency was sometimes locally called the "Pacific Peso". It is divided into 100 cents.

    The Australian dollar is currently the sixth-most-traded currency in world foreign exchange markets (behind the U.S. dollar, the euro, the yen, the Pound sterling, and the Swiss franc), accounting for approximately 4-5% of worldwide foreign exchange transactions. The Australian dollar is popular with currency traders due to the relative lack of government intervention in the foreign exchange market, the general stability of the economy and government as well as the prevailing view that it offers diversification benefits in a portfolio containing the major world currencies (especially because of its greater exposure to Asian economies and the commodities cycle).